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What Is Kidney Stone: Its Causes, Treatment And Diet?
A kidney stone is a hard crystalline mineral which has been formed within the kidney or in the urinary tract. In the medical field, the disease is also known as Nephrolithiasis. The stones consist of calcium oxalate and it can grow to the sizes of a golf ball. Small kidney stones may pass unnoticed through the urinary tract, whereas large kidney stones can get stuck into the urinary tract and can cause severe pain.
What Are The Causes Of The Kidney Stones?
The kidney stone can happen from many causes. It can happen because of your diet or because of certain medications. If you have already suffered from the kidney stone or someone in your family has had a history of kidney stone, then there is a greater risk of developing the disease in the future. The general causes of kidney stones are discussed below; (Information Credit – https://www.getsavvi.co.za)
We need enough water in our body to dilute calcium oxalate. Accumulation of calcium oxalate can result in kidney stones. If you don’t drink enough water or sweat too much, your urine may look dark in colour which is unnatural. The natural urine colour is pale yellow. If you have already suffered from this disease, you need to drink 8 glass of water a day. You can also add lemon juice to it as lemonade or orange juice can block the stone forming.
Your daily diet plays a big role in determining whether you get kidney stones in near future. You can avoid the vegetables like rhubarb, grits, bran cereal etc. Do not eat salty snacks, canned and packaged foods, processed meats as they consist of the higher level of sodium. Higher intake of sodium can cause kidney stones.
Red meat and shellfish can increase the level of uric acid in your body. This uric acid can accumulate in your body and can result in kidney stones. Animal protein raises the urine’s calcium level and can also lower the amount of citrate. Both this condition can accelerate kidney stone.
Parathyroid glands are located on the four corners of your thyroid gland. It is just below your Adam's apple. When these glands produce the too much parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism), your calcium levels can become higher. This may result in forming kidney stones.
If you have calcium rate in your body, the oxalate levels may rise. You can consume calcium from food, rather than from supplements. You can include milk, yoghurt, cottage cheese, and other types of cheeses in your daily diet, as they are good sources of calcium. If you are a Vegetarian then you can eat legumes, tofu, dark green vegetables, nuts, seeds, and blackstrap molasses to intake calcium.
There is the higher chance of getting kidney stone if you are suffering from obesity. When you are obese the natural process of the immune system of your body gets stunned. This can increase the chances of kidney stone in your body.
Symptoms and treatment of kidney stones
A kidney stone usually remains symptomless until it moves into the ureter. The apparent symptoms of kidney stones commonly include:
The kidney stone may cause several complications in the body. It can block the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder. It can also block the path of the urinary tract and can cause severe pain and infection.
If your physician suspects you have a kidney stone, you may have to undergo some diagnostic tests and procedures, such as blood tests, urine tests, abdominal x-ray, etc.
The Treatment for kidney stones can vary from person to person, depending on the type of stone and the cause. Your physician may suggest you drink lots of water to flush out your urinary system. He or she can also give you some pain-relieving medicines to relieve you from severe pain. You can also be recommended some medication that can help you to pass your kidney stones. For large stones, sound waves are used to break up the stones. Your doctor may suggest surgery to remove very large stones.
For certain type of kidney stones based on the size and location, your physician may recommend an extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). This method uses sound waves to create strong vibrations (shock waves) that break the large kidney stones into small pieces that can be passed through your urine. The procedure takes about 45 to 60 minutes and can cause mild to moderate pain. Sedation or anaesthesia can be used to the patient comfortable.
Always remember that prevention is better than cure. Follow the above tips to live a healthy life.
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