Rectal prolapse transpires when part or the entire wall of the rectum glides out of place, sometimes spiking out of the anus. There are three categories of rectal prolapse that people commonly encounter.
Partial prolapse (also called mucosal prolapse). The lining (mucous membrane) of the rectum glides out of place and generally thrusts out of the anus. This can ensue when you strain to have a bowel movement. Partial prolapse is most common in kids younger than 2 years.
Complete prolapse. The whole wall of the rectum glides out of place and generally poles out of the anus. At first, this might transpire only during bowel movements. Ultimately, it might occur when you stand or walk. And in some circumstances, the prolapsed tissue might remain outside your body all along.
Internal prolapse (intussusception). One portion of the wall of the large intestine (colon) or rectum might slide into or over another part, like the folding parts of a toy telescope. The rectum does not jut out of the anus. Intussusception is most common in kids and seldom affects adults. In kids, the reason is generally not known. In grown-ups, it is typically related to another intestinal problem, such as a growth of tissue in the wall of the intestines (such as a polyp or tumor).
In severe cases of rectal prolapse, a segment of the large intestine dribs from its normal position as the tissues that grasp it in place stretch. Normally, there is a sharp bend where the rectum starts. With rectal prolapse, this bend and other arcs in the rectum might straighten, making it tough to keep stool from leaking out (fecal incontinence). Rectal prolapse is most common in kids and older adults, particularly womenfolk.
What causes rectal prolapse?
Many things upsurge the chance of developing rectal prolapse. Risk factors for youngsters include:
Cystic fibrosis. A kid who has rectal prolapse with no understandable reason might need to be tested for cystic fibrosis.
Having had surgery on the anus as a baby.
Malformations or physical development problems.
Straining during bowel movements.
Risk factors for adults consist of:
Straining during bowel movements owing to constipation.
Tissue impairment instigated by surgery or childbirth.
Feebleness of pelvic floor muscles that occurs naturally with age.